Commercial Tenant Rights

Last Updated on 6 July 2023 by Editorial Team

Commercial tenant rights are the legal safeguards afforded to tenants who rent commercial property in the United Kingdom.

Some of the rights that commercial tenants have include the right to a fair rent review process, the right to a safe and well-maintained property, and the right to dispute resolution. The lease agreement will also outline the responsibilities of both the tenant and the landlord, including who is responsible for repairs and maintenance.

Therefore, understanding these rights is critical for any business owner interested in leasing a commercial building or property and becoming a tenant.

Types of Commercial Lease Agreements

It is vital that you understand the various kinds of leases available before entering into a commercial lease arrangement. Full Repairing and Insuring (FRI) leases and Internal Repairing (IR) leases are the two most prevalent kinds of commercial leases.

Full Repairing and Insuring (FRI) Leases

The tenant is liable for all repairs and upkeep to the property, as well as insurance expenses, under a FRI contract. This form of lease is most frequently used for standalone structures or complete levels of a building.

Internal Repairing (IR) Leases

The property owner/Landlord is liable for interior repairs and maintenance under an IR contract, while the tenant is responsible for any repairs or maintenance to the building’s façade. This form of lease is typically used for small retail areas within a bigger building.

Rent Payments and Rent Reviews

Rent payments and rent reviews are required under any commercial lease agreement. It’s critical to comprehend how these payments and reviews operate in order to ensure that your landlord is treating you fairly.

Rent Payments

Rent payments are usually made every quarter and are required in advance. It is critical that you make these payments on time in order to prevent any legal problems with your landlord.  Therefore, If you’re having trouble paying your rent, talk to your landlord about different payment options.

Rent Reviews

Rent reviews are commonly included in commercial lease agreements and make it possible for rent to be raised or reduced on a regular basis. These reviews are usually done every three to five years and are dependent on market circumstances and the property’s value.

Repairs and Maintenance

As a commercial tenant, as well as knowing your rights, you must also grasp your duties for building repairs and upkeep. The details will be determined by the sort of lease agreement in existence.

Landlord Responsibilities

The landlord has very few obligations for property repairs and upkeep under a FRI lease. They must, however, maintain the building’s structure and keep it secure and habitable for tenants.

Tenant Responsibilities

The tenant is liable for all interior repairs and upkeep, including fixtures and fittings, under an IR agreement.  Therefore, to prevent disagreements with your landlord, it is critical to maintain the property in excellent condition.

commercial tenant rights agreement
A Commercial tenant will have certain rights in the UK as outlined in their tenancy agreement

Termination of Lease Agreements

Lease agreements usually have a set period after which either the tenant or the landlord can end them. To prevent any legal problems when the time comes to terminate the tenancy, it’s critical to grasp the termination clauses in your lease agreement and understand your rights to terminate as a commercial tenant.

Tenant Termination

Typically, tenants can end their lease agreement by providing notification to their landlord. The lease agreement will specify the length of the notice period.

Landlord Termination

Landlords have the right to end a lease agreement if the tenant violates the conditions of the agreement, fails to pay rent, or wants to reclaim control of the property for other purposes, such as selling it.  Specifically, If the landlord wishes to end the lease agreement, he or she must follow the legal procedure described in the lease agreement and provide sufficient notification to the tenant.

Dispute Resolution

Commercial tenant-landlord disputes are not unusual, and it is critical to have a procedure in place to resolve these issues promptly and fairly.


Mediation is a procedure in which a neutral third party assists the tenant and owner in reaching an agreement. This is a voluntary procedure that can be organised through organisations like the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. (RICS).


Arbitration is a more formal procedure than mediation in which a neutral third party makes a legally enforceable judgement on the disagreement. This procedure is more expensive than mediation and should be used only as a last option.

Conclusion on Commercial Tenants Rights

To sum up, understanding your legal rights as a commercial tenant in the UK is critical. Knowing your rights, from lease agreements to rent reviews and repairs, can help you prevent legal problems and ensure that your landlord treats you fairly.

FAQs – Commercial Tenant Rights

Q. What is the minimum notice period for terminating a commercial lease agreement?

The lease agreement will specify the minimum notice period for terminating it.  Therefore, as a tenant, It is critical to review the conditions of the agreement to ensure that you are providing sufficient notice.

Q. Can a landlord enter a commercial property without the tenant’s permission?

Landlords in the United Kingdom are required by law to give tenants notification before accessing a commercial property. This notification should be in writing and include the reason for the visit.

Q. Can a tenant withhold rent payments if their landlord fails to make repairs?

Tenants cannot withhold rent payments in most instances, even if their landlord fails to make repairs.  In order to resolve any problems, you must follow the dispute mediation procedure described in your lease agreement.

Q. What is the difference between an FRI lease and an IR lease?

In a FRI lease, the tenant is responsible for all repairs and upkeep, whereas in an IR lease, the landlord is responsible for interior repairs and the tenant is responsible for external repairs.

Q. Can a tenant challenge a rent review?

As a commercial tenant, one of your rights it to be able to contest a rent review if you think it is unfair. This procedure, which may include mediation or arbitration, should be detailed in the tenancy agreement.

Q. Can a commercial landlord evict without notice?

In the United Kingdom, a commercial landlord cannot remove a tenant without giving notice as it’s against the law and tenant’s rights. Before terminating the lease agreement, the landlord must follow the legal procedure described in the lease agreement and provide the tenant with sufficient notification. The notice period will be specified in the tenancy agreement and will be determined by the agreement’s terms.

Subsequently, tenants must thoroughly review their lease agreement to ensure that they are receiving the proper notice period. In some instances, the notice period may be greater than the legal minimum, so it’s critical to read the lease agreement to prevent any legal problems.

Need help with commercial tenant refurb works?

We hope you found our guide on commercial tenant rights useful and informative.  Are you currently a commercial tenant coming to the end of your tenancy and needing help with the refurbishment of a property ready for handover back to the landlord?  Then we can help!

We provide full refurbishment works for commercial tenants.

Call us for a chat on 0161 503 9075, or use our contact form to email us.  If you’d like to see what some of our customers have to say about our services, then you can read our reviews on Google.

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